Starting capacitors refer to AC electrolytic capacitors or polypropylene and polyester capacitors used to start single-phase asynchronous motors.
The single-phase current flowing through a single-phase motor cannot generate a rotating magnetic field, and a capacitor is needed to separate the phases. The purpose is to make the current in the two windings produce a phase difference of nearly 90 ゜ to generate a rotating magnetic field.
The capacitive induction motor has two windings, namely the starting winding and the running winding. The two windings differ in space by 90 degrees. A large-capacity capacitor is connected in series to the starting winding. When the running winding and the starting winding pass single-phase alternating current, the current in the starting winding is 90 degrees ahead of the current in the running winding due to the action of the capacitor, and arrives first. Maximum value. Two identical pulsed magnetic fields are formed in time and space, so that a rotating magnetic field is generated in the air gap between the stator and the rotor. Under the action of the rotating magnetic field, an induced current is generated in the motor rotor, and the current interacts with the rotating magnetic field. The electromagnetic field torque makes the motor rotate.